Description: Abramis Brama,
Uk Record 18lb 8oz K.Walker Bawburgh Lakes Norwich<br><br>
Irish Specimen weight: 3.4 kg (7.5 lb).<br><br>
Irish Record: 12lb 3oz, Bolganard Lake, 1997<br><br>
The bream generally lives in rivers (especially in the lower reaches) and in nutrient-rich lakes and ponds with many algae and muddy bottoms. <br><br>
The bream is usually 30 to 55 centimetres (12 to 20 inches) long, though some specimens have been as long as 75 cm (30 in.), and weighed two to four kilograms (four to nine pounds).<br><br>It has a laterally flattened and high-backed body and a slightly inferior mouth. The fish is a silvery gray color, though older fish can be bronze-coloured especially in clear waters. The fins are grayish to black and never coloured.<br><br>The bream eats chironomidae larvae, tubificidae, bivalves, and gastropodswater and plants and plankton as well. <br><br>Bream feed with their mouths down and their bodies rising almost vertically upwards.
In very turbid waters bream can occur in large numbers which can result in a shortage of bottom feeds like chironomidae. The carp bream is then forced to start filter feeding with its gill rakers with Daphnia as the main prey. As the fish grows the gill rakers grow to far apart to catch its prey and the bream will not grow bigger then 40 cm. If a carp bream is malnourished it can develop a so-called knife back, the formation of a very sharp edge along its back.
Location: Bream live in schools near the bottom. At night Bream can feed close to the shore and in clear waters with sandy bottoms the feeding pits can be seen during daytime. <br>,br> Bream regularly patrol features such as ledges.
Distribution: The breams home range is in Europe north of the Alps and Pyrenees, as well as in the Balkans. It is also found as far east as the Caspian Sea, the Black Sea, and the Aral Sea.